Popular Asian dog breeds


The domestic dog phenomenon is a controversial issue in the scientific community as they never fully agree on when dogs first became pets.

Asia seems like the best answer. Genome sequencing from gray wolves, primitive dogs from Africa and Asia, and a collection of various breeds of dogs around the world found ancient origins in domestic dogs in Southeast Asia about 33,000 years ago.

With tens of thousands of years of dog culture, it’s no wonder the Asian continent has bred some of the most interesting and expensive dog breeds today.

Tibetan mastiff

Historically, the Tibetan mastiff was so highly regarded in Tibet because it was believed that its souls were the reincarnations of monks. Today this breed is known in China as the gold standard for guard dogs. In Tibet they are called Do khyiwhich translated means “bound dog” because they are usually chained for most of the day and allowed to roam free at night.

A Tibetan Mastiff was sold for $ 2 million in 2014 | Photo: Getty


AInu day care center

Originally bred to hunt moose, wild boar, and bears in the mountainous Akita region of Japan, the Akita Inu, or simply Akita, is a powerful and dominant breed of dog. Today the dog breed is considered the Japanese national treasure. However, during World War II, the Akita suffered from a shortage of nutritious food and was critically endangered. However, after the war, the breed began under the efforts of a breeder named Morie. to thrive Sawataishi. Akitas gained popularity among US soldiers posted to Japan and eventually made their way to the States.

The Akita Inu, originally a hunting dog, now two breeds – the Japanese Akita and the American Akita | Photo: Wikimedia



Bred for centuries for the imperial family in China, these dogs used to be sacred. Legend has it that a Pekingese dog is a lion that was shrunk to miniature size by the Buddha (the Shih Tzu, another toy dog, attracts a similar legend). They were unknown in the western world until the 1860s when British colonial rulers brought them back to Britain from China. Today they are famous for their appearances at dog shows – especially in the “exterior”; the show act of closely conforming to the standard of the breed.

Pekingese, a breed of toy dogs, were preferred as lap dogs in the Chinese imperial court | Photo: American Kennel Club


Shar Pei

In New Zealand we know her as the “Rolly Dog”. However, the Chinese name Shar Pei simply means “sand skin” in relation to its fur. Native to southern China, the Shar Pei is grown in western countries for its deep wrinkles, but in Hong Kong, the ideal Shar Pei is actually grown without many skin rolls. There is no record of how old the Shar Pei is, although the unrolled breed resembles a type of wrinkle-free guard dog that was kept during the Han Dynasty around AD 2.

The “Rolly Dog” has been used by Purex toilet paper advertisements in New Zealand for decades | Photo: Cornell


Chow chow

Records of the Chow Chow date back to the Han Dynasty in China, but some historians claim that these dogs actually originated in Mongolia. Others think they came further north and they are Far North Artic Dogs. Hence, genome sequencing has shown that the chow chow is quite close to the wolf. According to Britannica, the name Chow Chow is apparently derived from an English term for “freight from the Orient”. Chinese names for the Chow Chow are “Lang Kou” (wolfhound), “Hsiung Kou” (bear dog), “Hei Shet Kou” (black tongue dog) and “Kwantung Kou” (canton dog).

The Chow-Chow differs from other dogs by its blue-black tongue | Photo: Wikimedia


Shiba Inu

A “Spitz” dog has fox- and wolf-like characteristics, and there are six breeds of them in Japan. The smallest is the Shiba Inu. Mindful and agile, this breed was originally bred for hunting in Japan and is often confused with Akita Inu or Hokkaido, but it is a very different dog with a distinct bloodline. Dogs similar in appearance to the Shiba Inu were born in the prehistoric Jōmon period, which lasted between about 14,000 and 300 BC.

Shiba originally lived in the mountainous areas of the Chūbu region in Japan | Photo: Wikimedia



Few people know that the pug is an Asian breed of dog. More precisely one from China. Pugs were brought to Europe from China in the 16th century and popularized by the House of Orange of the Netherlands, the Royal House of Stuart in Great Britain, and later by Queen Victoria. Originally, pugs were known as Lo-Chiang-Sze or Foo Dog. Favored by the Chinese nobility, many of the early emperors kept pugs – Emperor Ling von Han is said to have given his bitches the same rank as his wives.

The pug most likely shares an ancestor with the Pekingese | Photo: Wikimedia


Thai ridgeback

Only three breeds of dogs are born with a back of hair on their back in the opposite direction to the rest of the coat. One of them is the Thai Ridgeback. A primitive guard dog that was once used to pull carts in Thailand, this dog was also used to hunt down vermin and dangerous prey such as cobras and wild boars. There are archaeological documents in Thailand from around 360 years ago, but even today Thai Ridgebacks are not popular outside of Thailand. In western countries like New Zealand, the Rhodesian Ridgeback is a common alternative.

A Thai ridgeback in Auckland | Photo: Instagram / ra_and_john_thairidgebacks


Korean Jindo

In addition to being the Korean national dog, the Jindo is also the most famous breed from Korea. Born on the island of the same name on the southwest coast of South Korea, only dogs born on the island of Jindo can be officially registered as Jindo by the South Korean government. The breed managed to survive under Japanese rule in Korea between 1910 and 1945, while other Korean dogs did not. This is because scientists from Japan saw similarities between the Jindo and native Japanese pointed dogs.

The Jindo is also called Jindo Dog, Chindo, Jindo Gae, JindoGae or Jin Dog in Korea | Photo: Shutterstock

– Asia Media Center

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